Neck pain is a common problem, with two-thirds of the population experiencing neck pain at some point in their lives.
Neck pain, despite being felt in the neck, can be cause by other numerous spinal problems. These may includepostural abnormalities, muscle tightness originating in the neck or upper back, deep neck muscle weakness or pinching of the nerves emanating from the cervical vertebrae. Joint disruption in the neck creates pain, as does joint disruption in the upper back.
Neck pain may also occur secondary to injury, other health problems, or be referred from other areas or structures of the body.
Physiotherapy is commonly sought out when neck and shoulder pain strikes which can be successfully treated by this approach. The physiotherapist will investigate the pain and determine its cause. There are many different causes of neck pain.
Studies have shown between 60-80% of the general population experience back pain at some point in their lives. Pain can be categorised into neck pain, upper back pain, lower back pain or tailbone pain. It can be a dull ache, a sharp pain, a piercing pain, or a burning sensation.
Non-specific acute back pain with no serious underlying pathology is diagnosed in approximately 98% of back pain patients.
Secondary back pain accounts for ~2% of cases and includes underlying pathologies such as abscesses, metastatic cancer or referred abdominal organ pain. Whilst these pathologies are not the most common underlying cause of back pain.
The shoulder is a shallow ball and socket joint which relies a great deal on surrounding soft-tissue structures such as tendons, ligaments and muscles (rotator cuff muscles) to maintain smooth motion and stability.
Because the shoulder needs to enable a wide range of movements it has minimal bony support and relies heavily on the rotator cuff muscles and supportive ligaments to work in good synchronisation.
Shoulder disorders are commonly seen by physiotherapists and fall mainly into 3 categories:
Alexa physiotherapist will do a full subjective and objective assessment considering a wide range of factors including referred pain, sporting technique, biomechanical and postural issues.
Your treatment may include:
Early accurate diagnosis and prompt physiotherapy treatment will produce quicker improvements and better outcomes in the majority of clients.
Speak to one of our friendly team to secure an appointment.
The elbow is comprised of tendons, bones and three joints that make it possible to move your arm. It is where the two bones of the forearm – radius & ulna – meet the bone of the upper arm—the humerus. This bone union is covered in a layer of thick, shiny articular cartilage that absorbs shock and allows the bones to glide smoothly against one another. As with other joints, injuries to the elbow can result from overuse or sudden trauma. Regardless of the cause, the result can be pain and difficulty doing daily activities.
Common Elbow injuries include:
Accurate diagnosis is crucial to the correct management of any elbow pain, patients who receive accurate assessment and early treatment typically respond extremely quickly to physiotherapy treatment restoring normal levels of pain and function.
The hip joint is the largest joint of the human body. It is complicated in order to allow a wide range of motion while still supporting the weight of the body and providing stability. Your hip function can also be affected by lower limb biomechanics involving your knee, foot and ankle plus your thigh and calf muscles. It's integration with the pelvis, Sacroiliac joint (SIJ) and lumbar spine (lower back) make it a complex region to correctly analyse and assess any dysfunction.
Common injuries of the hip include:
The knee is a "hinge" joint that allows the leg to bend and straighten (flex & extend). It is a complex joint with many components, making it vulnerable to a variety of injuries.
Common injuries that occur include:
In many cases, injuries involve more than one structure in the knee. Pain and swelling are the most common signs of knee injury. Many knee injuries cause instability - the feeling that your knee is giving way, 'catching' or 'locking up'.
With professional assessment and prompt treatment from your physiotherapist many knee injuries can be successfully treated with simple measures, such as bracing and rehabilitation exercises. Our professional team can also refer you on to the appropriate doctors if required.
Ankle joints and feet are the link between your body and the ground. The ankle joint is made up of four bones shaped to make the joint stable. Increased stability of the joint is provided by ligaments, which are bands of strong, fibrous tissue that guide movement and prevent the joint from moving too much.
Ankle sprains are one of the most common injuries which present to our clinic. If you 'roll your ankle' as the foot hits the ground, the ankle may be sprained. Sports requiring jumping, turning and twisting movements such as basketball, volleyball, netball and football; and explosive changes of direction such as soccer, tennis and hockey are particularly vulnerable to ankle sprains. Physiotherapists can assess your ankle to determine the severity and type of injury, and provide treatment which promotes healing and recovery.
Other common ankle & Foot injuries include:
Our physiotherapists can develop a comprehensive rehabilitation program which minimises the chance of the injury recurring. Rehabilitation programs typically include flexibility, balance, stretching, strengthening and sport specific exercises. During this time taping or bracing the ankle may be prescribed to provide support until full function is regained.